Mindfulness is the process of focusing one's attention on the present moment, and is often achieved through meditation. The concept derives from Buddhist tradition and is utilised to develop self-awareness, which eventually leads to enlightenment. Mindfulness has recently grown in popularity in Western cultures as a medium of promoting positive mental, physical, and spiritual health. 

Mindfulness-based interventions have resulted effective in the reduction of worry and emotional distress, and have been employed, alongside clinical psychology and psychiatry, as a way to treat a myriad of psychological disturbances, including drug addiction, stress, anxiety and depression. Additionally, it has also been shown to be an adequate preventative method for the development of psychosis.